Cambodia Historical Background


Cambodian call their country  Kampuchea or Khmer and also for their nationality 95/ of people are Khmer and other are Chinese , Vietnam , Cham and hill tribe called Khmer Leou . So Kampuchea , Cambodia Khmer Angkor are all the names associated with a single Asian civilization renowned for its art and its architecture .Kampuchea or Kambujadesa or Kambuja was the name of country in Sanskrit inscription and derived from a tribe in ( The North of India ) associated an old hermit called ( Kambusvayabhuva ) that was the legendary founder of the Khmer civilization .


Kampuchea the modern legacy was part of the official title of the country as recently as 1989 . Cambodia the name of this Southeast Asia that country today is an English version but the word Cambodge is the French word for the country . Both words are Western pronunciation of Kambuja . The inhabitants are Khmer or Cambodians . the national language is Khmer . and in past time they called their own country Khmer.


CAMBODIA LOCATION the Kingdom of Cambodia located in Southeast Asia within ( The Indo China Peninsula ) and is bordered between Vietnam on the south & east .Thailand on the west and northwest, Laos on the north, and the Gulf of Thailand on the west. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong River (Khmer: Tonle Thom (ទន្លធំ) or "the great lake") and the Tonlé Sap (ទន្ល�?សាប; "the fresh water lake").

The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni as king who has reigned since 2004. Phnom Penh is the kingdom's capital and largest city, and is the center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. Siem Reap, a city located near the famous ruins of Angkor Wat is the gateway to the Angkor region, and is Cambodia's main destination for tourism. Battambang, the largest city in western Cambodia, is known for its rice production, and Sihanoukville, a coastal city, is the primary sea port and beach resort.


DIMENSION & Population and Religions

Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi) and a population of over 14 million ethnic Khmer. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer", though they strictly refer to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians 90/ are Theravada Buddhists, but the country also have a minority number of Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes.


Climate ( Warm and Humid )

It lies in the Tropical Monsoon Season.  There two primaries season :

 - Rainy season occurs from May to October. The temperature varies from 27 to 35 DC.

 - Dried season occurs from November to April. The temperature varies from 16 to 38 DC

In Cambodia also has another season calls Cool Season occurs from November to January. The temperature is around 16 DC .The average temperature all year found is about 28.5 DC and the maximum is 39 DC .


Economy

The majority of the population live in the rural area and on the agricultural production only 16/ of the total population reside in urban area or town it has 3 major sectors .


Agriculture : farming forestry ,hunting , and fishing in Tonle Sap Lake ( 81.6 /)

Industry: mining , factories , manufacturing ( 2.8 / )


Service: hotel, trade education health ( 15.6 / )

Agriculture has long been the most important sector to the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Other important sectors include garments, construction and tourism - foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million in 2007. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy.


Agriculture has long been the most important sector of the Cambodian economy, with around 59% of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood (with rice being the principal crop). Garments, tourism, and construction are also important, yielded, foreign visitors to Angkor Wat numbered more than 4 million. In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, and once commercial extraction begins in 2011, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy. Observers fear much of the revenue could end up in the hands of the political elites if not monitored correctly.


Capital (and largest city)

Phnom Penh 11°33′N 104°55′E



Official language(s)

Khmer

Demonym

Khmer or Cambodian

Government

Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy

King

Norodom Sihamoni

Prime Minister

Hun Sen

Area Total

181,035 km2 69,898 sq mi 

Area Water

2.5%

Population(2009 estimate)

14,805,000

Cambodia religiosity

Buddhism 95% Islam 3% Christianity 2%

Currency

Riel (banknotes and coins) () (KHR)

Time zone 

(UTC+7)

Drives on the

right

Internet TLD

.kh

Calling code

855

City and province sizes

On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provinces, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.

 No.

City or province 

Area

km²

 sq mi

 1

Capital of Phnom Penh

290

112 

 2

Kandal Province

3,568

1,378

 3

Takeo Province

3,563

1,376

 4

Kampong Cham Province

9,799

3,783

 5

Kampong Thom Province

13,814

5,334

 6

Siem Reap Province

10,299

3,976

 7

Preah Vihear Province

13,788

5,324

 8

Oddar Meancheay Province

6,158

2,378

 9

Banteay Meanchey Province

6,679

2,579

 10

Battambang Province

11,072

4,275

 11

Pailin Province

803

310

 12

Pursat Province

12,692

4,900

 13

Kampong Chhnang Province

5,521

2,132

 14

Kampong Speu Province

7,017

2,709

 15

Koh Kong Province

11,160

4,309

 16

Sihanoukville Province

868

335

 17

Kampot Province

4,873.2

1,881.6

 18

Kep Province

335.8

129.7

 19

Prey Veng Province

4,883

1,885

 20

Svay Rieng Province

2,966

1,145

 21

Kratie Province

11,094

4,283

 22

Stung Treng Province

11,092

4,283

 23

Ratanakiri Province

10,782

4,163

 24

Mondulkiri Province

14,288

5,517

 25

Tonlé Sap (Great Lake)

3,000

1,158


TOTAL AREA

181,035

69,898

How to book with Us?
- private trekking to TangLang waterfall Pounong community rain forest and wild life observation day trip or overnight camping in the jungle or home stay at the community village   
price: 2 day 1 night
 2 people $280
 5 people $90 each
available on booking only